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Diplomacy and its types

Diplomacy and its types

In a simple and genuine way “Diplomacy is the art of letting someone have it, your way”.
The term diplomacy is derived from the ancient Greek root diplōma, composed of Diplo, meaning “folded in two,” and the suffix -ma, meaning “an object.” The folded document conferred a privilege—often a permit to travel—on the bearer. Diplomacy later became identified with international relations.

Theoretically, Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states. On a societal level, diplomacy simply is the tactics of dealing with people successfully, employing legacy and skill to ensure there is no animosity

Diplomacy is the chief instrument of foreign policy. The representative of the sides or the different states are called diplomats. Diplomacy is an ancient practice of conducting negotiations. The 3,295 Years old Amarna letters in cuneiform writing on a clay tablet written between the pharaohs of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt and the Amurru rulers of Canaan during the 14th century BC is the evidence that it is in practice since most ancient times. Ancient India, with its kingdoms and dynasties, had a long tradition of diplomacy. The oldest treatise on statecraft and diplomacy, Arthashastra, is attributed to Kautilya.


There are several types of diplomacy, let’s have a look.
Preventive Diplomacy is the use of different diplomatic tools to prevent disputes from arising or to prevent existing disputes from escalating into violent conflicts. Preventive Diplomacy is the defining concept of future diplomacy.
Public Diplomacy is also known as People’s Diplomacy is various government-sponsored efforts aimed at communicating directly with foreign publics. Public diplomacy includes all official efforts to convince targeted sectors of foreign opinion to support or tolerate a government’-s strategic objectives.
Soft Power: According to Joseph Nye, It is the cultivation of relationships, respect, or even admiration from others in order to gain influence, as opposed to more coercive approaches.
Economic Diplomacy deals with nexus power and wealth in international affairs
Counterinsurgency diplomacy is public diplomacy carried out with military means and in tandem with the approach taken by the military.
Gunboat diplomacy is the use of conspicuous displays of military strength as a means of intimidation in order to influence others.
Migration Diplomacy is the use of diplomatic tools, processes, and procedures to manage cross-border population mobility.
Appeasement is a policy of making concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid confrontation
Nuclear diplomacy is the area of diplomacy related to preventing nuclear proliferation and nuclear war.


Diplomacy is the chief tool of foreign policy, it is used to pursue the country’s interests, to engage in international discourse, and to alleviate friction between sovereign states.

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Data Sources: Wikipedia and  Britannica.

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